The housing architecture has one of its foundations in the adaptation of the living space to the strong variations of the Madrid continental climate, where the biggest challenge lies in cushioning the gradient between the winter and summer, and even between day and night.
That's why housing presents a regular and compact form factor that optimizes the energy conservation as the main strategy: it's a regular and flattened box that orients its longest sides to the south and north, and protects its fronts with dividing walls and vegetation.
All homes have an optimal sunlight protecting from the sun in summer, thanks to the mobile sunscreens system, to optimize its performance. This slats system creates double-fronted boxes that also behaves as a thermal buffer. In addition to accumulation, the shape of the housing facilitates natural ventilation, because the double facade and the staircase window and flashlight work like solar chimneys: the overheating in its upper part causes, thaks to the Venturi effect, the outlet of the accumulated hot air in the interior of the House. The air renewal is ensured by cross-ventilation that introduces refreshed and moist breezes by the vegetation that surrounds the facades and protects the covers.
Other considered comfort and energy conservation measures, which go beyond the climate adaptation, are, on the one hand, the use of natural, recyclable materials or whose life cycle is energy economic; for another, the solar energy use as energy for the air conditioning system.